2017. № 3 (13), 288-294

Moscow State Pedagogical University


The article considers the contaminated constructions that had spread in Russian speech at the turn of 20th-21st centuries. The contamination gradually turns from the occasional fenomenon into the vibrant word-forming method. Contaminated units are sequentially used in language of mass media, advertising, literary texts and slangs. Their functions in the modern speech are complicated: together with the valuation function they have nominative functions, take on a nominative role, serve as a mark of intertextual relations, take a part in language game, fill up the list of tropes in the poetic text. There are two mechanisms using in contaminated words forming: overlapping of morphs and syncopation of reasoning word or words. Between-words overlapping is considered as the result of one of the contamination kinds for which haziness of morphemic structure is differential. The semantics of contaminated word is based on the cooperation of united words meanings. On the ground of developing in the word formation process relations of combination, opposition or comparison new semantic components can be updated in the hybrid word. In the literary text contaminated constructions are regularly used for coagulation of imaginative parallel and characterized by high degree of semantics idiomaticity. Some models of contaminated units are fixed in language. According to the models new hybrid words are built. As a result the quasimorphs are transformed into a derivational formants that are regularly used in the word-formating process.